2019 Chickweed usually germinates in autumn or winter and grows through winter and early spring; Chickweed is an annual, producing flowers and seed very quickly; Small seeds are easily dispersed in mud or dirt. The plant needs adequate rainfall and moist soils with partial sunlight to maintain or extend its life cycle. Bond, W. and R. Turner. Common name: common chickweed: Life cycle: winter annual, reproduces by seed or by stems rooting at internodes. Similar to mouseear chickweed, but not perennial or hairy. Identification and Life Cycle. However, the petals are deeply divided so the flower appears to have 10 petals. How to Identify Stellaria media Soil Solarization: A Nonpesticidal Method for Controlling Diseases, Nematodes, and Weeds, The biology and non-chemical control of common chickweed, © 2019 Regents of the University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, some vegetables, turf (some species when commercial product is packaged as a combination with benefin), spot treat in landscapes or broadcast spray in unplanted areas to prepare for planting, spot treatments in lawn or landscapes or broadcast spray in unplanted areas to prepare for planting, cool-season turf species (e.g., fescue), nonplanted areas. UC Statewide IPM Program. Mouseear chickweed (Cerastium fontanum ssp. It emerges in mid-to-late summer and completes its life cycle the following spring. Weed Susceptibility Chart. Life Cycle & Description: Both buckhorn, or narrow-leaved plantain (Plantago lanceolata), … What is the life cycle of chickweed? Sticky chickweed (Cerastium glomeratum) is an annual with sticky hairs on the stems and leaves. Publ. However, if the soil is very moist, seeds can sprout at much higher temperatures. Life cycle. Defelice, M. S. 2004. Stems are slender with upper portions growing erect. Plant status: Weed. Common chickweed can complete its life cycle in 5-6 weeks. Nat. For more detailed fertilizing information see the online UC Guide to Healthy Lawns, or download Practical Lawn Fertilization. Control – Easy to Control. In lawns, it rarely grows higher than 2 inches, but can be taller (4 to 6 inches) and less compact in gardens or under shaded conditions. Cultivation, including hand weeding, will effectively control chickweed if done early. vulgare) can also be found invading turf. Common Chickweed, Stellaria media (L.) Vill.- "Mere Chicken Feed?" Roots – fibrous and shallow. Agric. This can be difficult due to the short period between germination and flower production. Weed Technology: 18:193-200. Seed germination: Seed of chickweed are viable as soon as they are shed. Acknowledgements Monitor the soil surface for chickweed seedlings throughout late fall and winter and then remove them by shallow cultivation or by hand pulling. Stems . The seeds germinate from January to early March in cooler areas when soil temperatures reach about 59°F; the optimal temperature range is 54° to 68°F. Krieger Publishing Co. Florida. Plants produce shallow, fibrous root systems and long, branching stems that grow prostrate along the soil surface and root at nodes. Chickweed also has a long history of herbal use in the external treatment of any kind of itching skin condition. In turf and landscape plantings, common and sticky chickweed can be unsightly, reducing the aesthetic value. Secondary Noxious, Class 4 and Noxious, Class 5 in the Canadian Weed Seeds Order, 2016 under the Seeds Act. However, regular monitoring and removal of plants from the site will prevent seeds from developing and accumulating in the soil (seed bank). Height: 2 to 18 inches (5 to 45 cm).Mat forming. Common in turf. You may have chickweed sprout in May and die off by July, but … after they are shed. Pest Notes: Chickweeds Most seed germinate within three yrs. solarization method. Reproducing by seed and by horizontal stems which root at the nodes and form dense patches. Habit: Common chickweed is prostrate, and only grows upward by growing on top of itself to form small mounds. A Synonym for C. vulgatum is C. fontanum. Leaves . Staff-only pages Common chickweed plant. The leaves and flower of chickweed, Stellaria media. Common Chickweed (Stelleria media) Life Cycle – Winter annual . Common chickweed is a winter annual that has smooth stems and leaves; can have several generations a year during cool wet seasons and forms prostrate dense patches in turf, landscape and vegetable gardens. Fire Risk Rating: low flammability Wildlife Value: Attracts bees, butterflies and songbirds. Produced by IPM Education and Publications, University of California Statewide IPM Program. See Soil Solarization for details of soil solarization. Life Cycle: Annual Recommended Propagation Strategy: Seed Stem Cutting Country Or Region Of Origin: Eurasia and North Africa Distribution: Throughout the United States. Seed collected from separate plant populations may differ in … Five white petals, deeply lobed giving appearance of 10 petals. REC, Glyphosate (Roundup®) Information and Alternatives for Weed Management, selective, postemergent, broadleaf weed killer. top. The label will also contain that information. Germination is in early autumn. Chickweed is an annual plant that competes vigorously with other plants. Prostrate, smooth stems are spreading and branching to form dense patches. All rights reserved. Chickweed's use in folk medicine has been recorded as far back as the 16th century when it was often used to treat wounds.1 Over time, it was embraced as a "blood cleanser" or used it to treat asthma, constipation, menstrual pain, peptic ulcers, rabies, respiratory illnesses, and scurvy, among other common and uncommon conditions. In cool, wet conditions common chickweed forms a dense mat of spreading stems that may root at the nodes. Calif. Div. A summer annual is the most common life cycle for weeds that establish in Ontario. Tufts. Both sticky and common chickweed are annual weeds. Flowers: Species dependent: Early spring or/and summer. A spreading, mat-forming perennial with prominently hairy prostrate stems and leaves. Photos and information about Minnesota flora - Giant Chickweed: ½-inch white flowers, 5 white petals that look like 10, 5 glandular hairy sepals nearly as long as the petals. Effective control must target both aboveground and underground plant structures. Stems root at the nodes to form dense patches. White 1½ inch flowers with 5 split petals that look like 10 petals; blooms in spring. Oakland: Univ. Mouseear chickweed (Cerastium vulgatum) is a perennial with hairy stems and leaves; stems root at the nodes and can form dense mats or mounds of stems and leaves; flower petals are about the same size as the sepals. 8065. Its life cycle starts in the fall with seed germination, then flowering in the spring, setting seed and dying as the temperatures rise. Chickweeds. Weed Life Cycles Annual Weeds An annual is a plant which germinates, flowers, sets seed, and dies within a single year. Common chickweed is a prostrate or erect, somewhat succulent annual that often forms a dense mat. It usually grows to 45 cm (18 inches) but becomes a low-growing and spreading annual weed in mowed lawns. UC ANR Publication 74129, Author: C. A. Wilen, UC Statewide IPM Program, San Diego County Elmore, C. L., J. J. Stapleton, C. E. Bell, and J. E. DeVay. In general, nonchemical controls are the safest method for weed control in home gardens and landscapes. However, they must be applied at a time when they are most effective for controlling chickweeds and in a way that prevents injury to desired plants. The Regents of the University of California. Its full life cycle occurs in a period of one growing season (spring to fall). Share. Flower Details: Herbaceous. When cultural control methods cannot be used, such as on very large areas, in weakly growing turf, or in professionally managed landscapes, herbicides may be an alternative. summer or winter annual with peak germination in fall and early spring; thrives in temperatures between 53°F and 68°F; seedlings grow vigorously, flower and set seed within 5 weeks of germination; mature seeds immediately viable; IPM Recommendations . Common chickweed flowers (Ryan Kaldari, Wikimedia Commons) ... Life Cycle. If solarization is done in late summer and the soil is not disturbed, subsequent winter crops can develop a canopy and become more competitive before other winter weeds germinate. Mature seeds can germinate without a dormancy period. Deep, infrequent irrigation also discourages chickweed infestations. It can start producing seeds within five weeks of germination and can continue to produce seeds for weeks or even months thereafter. Products containing triclopyr will injure warm-season grasses like bermudagrass and kikuyugrass, but are safe to use in cool-season grasses like fescue. 2004. Weed Research Information Center. REC, Western Maryland
Common Chickweed is a Winter annual broadleaf weed that is commonly found across Canada and the US. It is important for those managing lawns and landscapes to understand weed life cycles, growth, and reproduction. Oakland: Univ. Cultivation when plants are large and soil is moist can lead to spread of the weed through re-rooting. Height(100-300mm). The stems are generally smooth except for a single, narrow lengthwise line (about 1mm, wide) of fine white hair on one side of each branch, this line of hair alternating from one side of the branch to the other on successive internodes (Figure 2). All contents copyright © Today, chickweed is rarely taken by mouth due to potential toxicities. Nat. Chickweed can go from seed to flowering plant in 5–6 weeks. Davis, California: University of California. Common chickweed is known to be a reservoir for insect pests and plant viruses. **Be sure to read and follow the directions on the label if you choose to use an herbicide. Plantain. Solarization using clear plastic mulch is a method of heating the soil to temperatures lethal to seeds and other pests. Table of Contents Life Cycle; Propagation; Stems; Leaves; Flowers and Fruit; Habitat; Distinguishing Features; Life Cycle. For professional landscapers, an herbicide can be helpful as a preemergent treatment when transplanting annuals for fall color or in woody perennial beds where mulches are not used. Life Cycle: Annual. Contact UC IPM, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California, © 2019 Regents of the University of California For noncommercial purposes only, any Web site may link directly to this page. United Kingdom: Henry Doubleday Research Association. Products containing diquat, glyphosate, or glufosinate are nonselective postemergent herbicides; they will injure most plants they encounter and should not be used near desired plants. Life Cycle: Hardy perennial.Winter Annual. Turning the soil over can reduce seed germination, but may also bring other weed seeds closer to the surface. The flowers are small with five white petals. Life cycle - winter annual (cool-season weed) that reproduces by seed. Life cycle: annual: Origin: native: Habitat: sun; seasonally wet rocky or sandy soil; grasslands, rock outcrops, roadsides, open woods: Bloom season: May - July: Plant height: 2 to 8 inches: Wetland Indicator Status: GP: FACU MW: FACU NCNE: FACU: MN county distribution (click map to enlarge): National distribution (click map to enlarge): Pick an image for a larger view. Height 3-6" in sun; up to 18" in shade. Lawn Seeds can germinate (sprout) soon after they disperse from the plant and require no further ripening as do seeds of many other weeds. Its adaptability to almost all environmental conditions makes common chickweed a very widespread and successful weed. Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources Chickweed, Mouse-eared, Cerastium fontanum. Chickweed flowers fading and seeds maturing. Seeds will germinate at any time of year but particularly in spring and autumn. Under this situation, the weeded debris should be removed. Opposite, light green, rounded to egg-shaped leaves with pointed tips and smooth margins are hairless and short, hairy petioles. Other than grazing by sheep and birds, there are no commercially available biocontrol agents for the chickweed species. Plant name: or try: advanced plant search. and J. P. Herberger. See our Home page, or in the U.S., contact your local Cooperative Extension office for assistance. It is important to follow the label directions regarding application method. Chickweed growth can last for many months, or depending on where you live, it may actually grow all year long, provided it doesn't get too hot or dry. This species produces flowers, fruits, and seeds from spring to early fall. Roots are shallow and fibrous. Common chickweed is a member of the Caryophyllaceae family and is generally classified as a winter annual. Seed leaves are rounded and lack hairs. Germination can occur between 2°C and 30°C but the optimum temperature is 15°C. Mature seeds can germinate without a dormancy period. Common chickweed is found in well-watered areas, but sticky chickweed can tolerate somewhat drier sites. The deeper the seeds are buried or the drier the soil, the less likely it is that the seeds will germinate or the seedlings will survive. Stems . The World’s Worst Weeds: Distribution and Biology. Field chickweed (Cerastium arvense) is perennial with shorter hairs on the stems and leaves; has more linear leaves and the flower petals are 2-3 times longer than the sepals. Homes, Gardens, Landscapes, and Turf > Table 1 lists the active ingredient in herbicides that provided good control of chickweed in field tests and can be found in products sold for nonprofessional landscape and garden use. Mature seeds can germinate without a dormancy period. Life cycle. Mouse-ear chickweed (Cerastium vulgatum) is a prostrate perennial broadleaf weed in the pink family (Caryophyllaceae). Description and Life Cycle: Bright green, mat forming low grower with multiple branches from central crown. Leaves oval and pointed at the tip, smooth and shiny, opposite in pairs on stem. Therefore, they are most effective if applied in late fall or early winter. As with the preemergent herbicides, information regarding plant safety and appropriate use of the herbicide can be found on the product label. FOR ALL OTHER USES or more information, read Legal Notices. Seed dispersed in spring; germinates in fall; remain viable up to 10 years. Vegetable gardens also can utilize black plastic, both as mulch into which seeds or transplants are placed and also between rows. Can flower within a month and set seed within 2 to 3 months. Holm, L. G., D. L. Plucknett, J. V. Pancho, Soil It is an effective method for controlling many annual weeds including the chickweeds. Postemergent products will injure any plant that is susceptible, including desired plants. This increases the difficulty of hand weeding or hoeing. Common chickweed will grow in a wide range of soils but does particularly well in neutral pH soils with high nitrogen and poorly in low pH or acid soils. stems and leaves; stems root at the nodes and can form dense mats or mounds of stems and leaves; flower petals are about the same size as the sepals. Stems 1½ to 3 feet long. All annuals spread only by seed. Both are winter annuals that grow easily in gardens, low-maintenance lawns, and agricultural areas. D. L. Plucknett, chickweed life cycle J. Stapleton, C. L., J. M., V. A. 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For canaries a thick vigorous lawn and bright green, mat forming low grower with multiple branches from crown... Annuals that grow easily in gardens, landscapes, and reproduction blooms spring... To seeds and other pests which allow the plant to spread of the weed through..: winter annual, reproduces by seed and by horizontal stems which at! Is important to follow the directions on the stems and leaves to almost all environmental conditions common! The U.S., contact your local Cooperative Extension office for assistance and set seed within 2 to months! Depth of 1-2 cm will be grown, fruits, and only grows upward by growing on of. Its Life cycle - winter annual, reproduces by seed and by horizontal stems which root the... Applied before weed seeds Order, 2016 under the seeds typically germinate at any time of year particularly.