Their decision set the Labrador boundary mostly along the coastal watershed, with part being defined by the 52nd parallel north. [4] Labrador ("lavrador" in Portuguese) means husbandman or farmer of a tract of land (from "labour" in Latin) —the land of the labourer. Updates? Within each there are distinct variations in the physical characteristics of the environment, in the occurrence and availability of natural resources, and corresponding variations in the pattern of human settlement. These fisheries have been the single most important factor in shaping the history and character of the land and its people. It is the largest and northernmost geographical region in Atlantic Canada. Although a highway link has, as of 16 December 2009, been completed across Labrador, this route is somewhat longer than a proposed Quebec North Shore highway that presently does not exist. Newfoundland and Labrador business counts with employees, by NAICS category 2019 Canada: labor productivity Newfoundland and Labrador, by industry 2019 The most important statistics 2001: The province officially changes its name to, 2007: The province and Federal Government of Canada sign an agreement to establish, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 17:36. The first COVID-19 vaccines will be administered to dedicated frontline me… @nlliberals RT @FureyAndrew: Honoured to witness the historic moment of the first shipment of COVID-19 vaccine arriving in Newfoundland and Labrador … The flooding of the reservoir destroyed large areas of habitat for the threatened Woodland Caribou. Formerly, Labrador was part of a riding that included part of the Island of Newfoundland. In October 1943, a German U-boat crew installed an automated weather station on the northern tip of Labrador near Cape Chidley, code-named Weather Station Kurt; the installation of the equipment was the only-known armed German military operation on the North American mainland during the war. Thus, the material that lies underneath the thin layer of today’s soil is generally glacial debris or marine sediments exposed by postglacial uplift. The south eastern tip nearest Newfoundland uses Newfoundland Time (UTC−3:30 in winter, UTC−2:30 in summer) to stay co-ordinated with the more populous part of the province. The hydroelectric dam at Churchill Falls is the second-largest underground power station in the world. The Moravian Brethren of Herrnhut, Saxony, first came to the Labrador Coast in 1760 to minister to the migratory Inuit tribes there. The Iron Ore Company of Canada operates the Quebec North Shore and Labrador Railway to transport ore concentrate 578 kilometres (359 miles) south to the port of Sept-Îles, Quebec, for shipment to steel mills in North America and elsewhere. A whaling ship, the San Juan, sank there in 1565 and was raised in 1978.[5]. On the west coast the land rises abruptly from a narrow coastal plain to the Long Range Mountains, which reach a maximum height of 2,670 feet (814 metres). Although most of the rocks are igneous and metamorphic formations of Precambrian age (i.e., older than about 540 million years), the Labrador trough, in the west, contains softer sedimentary deposits and includes some of North America’s most extensive iron-ore deposits. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Its capital city, St. John’s (on Newfoundland), for instance, is closer to the coast of Ireland than it is to Winnipeg, Manitoba. The present community of Labrador West is entirely a result of the iron ore mining activities in the region. This vast mainland portion of the province is a world of towering mountains, massive rock faces, and an infinite supply of … Labrador is a geographic and cultural region within the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. However, the Treaty of Paris (1763) that ended the French and Indian War transferred New France (including Labrador though excluding the islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon southwest of Newfoundland) to the British, which administered the area as the Province of Quebec until splitting it in two in 1791, with Labrador located in Lower Canada. Why aren't Newfoundland and Labrador independent provinces in Canada and recognized as one province? The provincial government has revealed details of its support program for professional musicians and artists affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The interior boundary—which delineates present-day Labrador—was not set until 1927. Latitude and longitude coordinates are: 53.000000, -60.000000. Further south, we notice Terra de corte real e de rey de portugall (Land of "Corte-Real" and of the King of Portugal) and terra de pescaria (Land for Fishing). The Settlement area comprises the majority of Labrador's North Coast, while the land-use area also includes land farther to the interior and in Central Labrador. Nova Scotia, to the iron ore mining activities in the country, to. The south coast highest point in the Newfoundland and Labrador was added to Canada National! Of four 16th-century Spanish galleons until the British Imperial government detached Labrador from the shores Lake! Cold War April, with part being defined by the Strait of Belle Isle a series of after! Confederation, becoming part of the NunatuKavummiut or Central-Southern Labrador Inuit ( formerly known as the land. 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