Ammonium nitrate is the fertilizer compound that can be used in explosives, said John Goodpaster, who researches explosives at Indiana at University-Purdue University Indianapolis. The colossal explosion in Lebanon’s capital this week was apparently caused when more than 2,700 tons of ammonium nitrate detonated. It is also a key component of ANFO, (ammonium nitrate/fuel oil), an industrial explosive used in mining, quarrying, and civil construction and accounting for 80% of all the industrial explosives used in US. Industrial Grade Ammonium Nitrate The explosion killed at … A component of fertilizer, ammonium nitrate is potentially explosive. In its pure form, ammonium nitrate isn’t usually explosive – in fact, it’s safe to handle. When combined with fuel oils, ammonium nitrate creates a potent explosive widely used by the construction industry, but also by insurgent groups like the Taliban for improvised explosives. On explosion, ammonium nitrate yields N 2, O 2, and water as the by-products. Once a reaction is sparked (by some other means) the ammonium nitrate quickly decomposes into… Ammonium nitrate is used as an oxidizing agent in explosives. It must be mixed with other primary explosives to form an explosive mixture. While ammonium nitrate can in fact put out a fire, if the chemical itself is contaminated, for example with oil, it becomes highly explosive. Chinese authorities claimed the first explosion had been triggered after the heat of summer caused a highly flammable compound called nitrocellulose to spontaneously catch fire. Because solid ammonium nitrate can undergo explosive decomposition when heated in a confined space, government regulations have been imposed on its shipment and storage. In some ways, ammonium nitrate is the perfect explosive. Images … The explosive potential of ammonium nitrate is well understood and has been used in numerous terrorist attacks including the Oklahoma City bombing of 1995. If mixed with ingredients like fuel or some other contaminants, or because of some other external factors, it can be very explosive. Ammonium nitrate was involved in the 1947 Texas City disaster, one of the largest industrial explosions in history.. Nitrogen dioxide (NO₂) is a red, bad-smelling gas. But the chemical has a more nefarious use -- as an explosive… Heating also poses a danger: ammonium nitrate decomposes at around 230˚C, and can explode when heated to between 260–300˚C if it’s confined. The explosive force occurs when solid ammonium nitrate decomposes very rapidly into two gases, nitrous oxide and water vapor. Ammonium Nitrate Compounds. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the formula NH4 NO3, and it's made by combining ammonia with nitric acid. When ammonium nitrate is mixed with fuel oil an extreme exothermic reaction takes place. Fireworks contain perchlorate, as does rocket fuel … Ammonium nitrate is unstable and explodes violently if it comes into contact with an open flame or another ignition source. Nearby stores of … Pure ammonium nitrate is not an explosive on its own. It is classified as an oxidiser (Grade 5.1) under the United Nations classification of dangerous goods. Others. It … By Helen Regan, Tamara Qiblawi, Ghazi Balkiz, Ben Wedeman and Luke McGee, CNN. An ammonium nitrate explosion produces massive amounts of nitrogen oxides. Although ammonium nitrate is an important fertilizer because of its high nitrogen content, its explosive hazards limits its application, and it has even been banned in some areas. Ammonium nitrate is some pretty nasty stuff, and can seriously land yourself in danger’s path if you don’t know what you’re doing, so if you have to leave a comment below asking how rations, parts, and percentages work…do not try to make this stuff. The … Solution for Ammonium nitrate is an explosive and a fertilizer. In fact, in its base state, ammonium nitrate can put out a fire. As ammonium nitrate is a highly explosive chemical, many countries strictly regulate its use. Ammonium nitrate is an oxidiser on its own and is therefore not explosive. “Ammonium nitrate is the ammonium salt of nitric acid. Ammonium nitrate is a colourless crystalline substance (melting point 169.6 °C [337.3 °F]). The decomposition reaction can be summarized as Produced as small porous pellets, or “prills”, it’s one of the world’s most widely used fertilisers. Lebanese officials say ammonium nitrate, a substance used as fertilizer in agriculture, likely caused the massive explosion in Beirut. Over the past 100 years, there have been several disasters involving the chemical. By itself, ammonium nitrate is not regarded as particularly volatile or dangerous, but under certain conditions it can be deadly. A mixture of 94% porous pellets of ammonium nitrate acts as an oxidizing agent when added to fuel oil (6% of the total volume) and can be used to create a basic but deadly explosive. When combined with fuel oils, ammonium nitrate creates a potent explosive widely used by the construction industry, but also by insurgent groups like the Taliban for … Kauffman said, in principle, ammonium nitrate should be highly explosive by itself, but it is not. This report segments the global Ammonium Nitrate (CAS 6484-52-2) market on the basis of types is: Fertilizers. It's a white solid made up entirely of gases. It contains no carbon - only nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen. Chemical Agents. There, the detonation of a 2,300 tonne stockpile of ammonium nitrate created one of the largest non-nuclear man-made explosions in history. It is highly soluble in water; heating of the water solution decomposes the salt to nitrous oxide (laughing gas). “I think that’s what’s happened here,” said da Silva. Perhaps the closest comparison to Beirut's explosion, in terms of scale, is a blast in Texas City in 1947, which was caused by 2,300 US tons (about 2,087 metric tons) of ammonium nitrate. Here lies yet another link to explosives: fireworks, which set off the ammonium nitrate explosion in Beirut. Explosives. HSE’s leaflet INDG230 Storing and handling ammonium nitrate provides information relating to the general duties imposed on employers by the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 with regard to the safe storage and handling of ammonium nitrate at, for example, harbours, merchant stores and manufacturers’ premises. However, if it is contaminated with impurities, the risk of it detonating increases. Ammonium nitrate has the chemical formula NH₄NO₃. Ammonium Nitrate Regulations in India Ammonium nitrate provides both, intimately associated in each molecule. When heated it is only too happy to give them up. Nitrogen in itself is very unreactive, demonstrated in the composition of our atmosphere, which is 78 percent made up of the gas. Despite being a major component of many explosives, ammonium nitrate does not act as an explosive by itself. How explosive is ammonium nitrate? Ammonium nitrate was also involved in that explosion. On the basis of Application, the Global Ammonium Nitrate (CAS 6484-52-2) market is segmented into: Military Grade Ammonium Nitrate. It is most commonly used … Ammonium nitrate has been used for centuries in warfare, but is also a mainstay of commercial nitrogenous fertilizers. This … Storing and handling ammonium nitrate. 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