An example is the Central Park jogger, a case with innocent civilians convicted only to be discovered later that they were innocent of the crime. In the past two decades, hundreds of convicted prisoners have been exonerated by DNA and non-DNA evidence, revealing that police-induced false confessions are a leading cause of wrongful conviction of the innocent. Confessions Juries The human craving for justice is evident from public reaction whenever a criminal evades capture and punish-ment—and whenever an innocent is wrongfully convicted and sent to prison. Since the late 1980s, six studies alone have documented approximately 250 interrogation-induced false confessions. Lassiter, G. Daniel, ed. Twenty false confessions were content-analyzed to determine the substance of false confessions and perhaps help to explain why judges, juries, and others are prone to believe these statements. This dual motivation is what ener-gizes psychologists who study police-induced confessions. In this article, empirical research on the causes and correlates of false confessions … Police-induced false confessions arise when a suspect's resistance to confession is broken down as a result of poor police practice, overzealousness, criminal misconduct and/or misdirected training. 2004. POLICE INTERROGATIONS: FALSE CONFESSIONS 2 Police Interrogations: Induced Confession In recent years, several high profile cases have involved innocent civilians who confessed and later convicted for crimes they did not commit. False Confessions/Social Psychology/Nadler/Mueller: The physical surroundings of the interrogation are an important feature of their potential for effectively extracting an admission of guilt. Confessions have a greater impact on juries than other types of evidence, sometimes in the face of contradictory evidence. Coerced false confession—Police-induced false confessions can result from a misstep in procedure involving persuasion, intimidation, or other psychological coercion. It provides a history of confession law in the United States and focuses on police-induced true and false confessions. In a recent examina-tion of 33 false confessions derived from the Innocence Project’s DNA exoneration Wrongful Convictions by Police-Induced False Confessions. deception detection, anecdotal data from actual cases suggest that police-induced false confessions are particularly challenging because they often contain content cues commonly associated with truth telling and guilty knowledge. Background . The paper ends with recommendations to prevent false confessions. Interrogations, confessions, and entrapment. False arrest—an arrest made without probable cause or a warrant. The pages of American legal history are rich in stories about false confessions. State and federal courts generally exclude from … Together, the four commentaries that follow the Kassin These stories date back to the Salem witch trials of 1692, during which about 50 women Police-induced false confessions are among the leading causes of wrongful convictions. Abstract. A false confession is an admission of guilt for a crime for which the confessor is not responsible. Wrongful convictions have two main negative effects on society: (1) innocent people are imprisoned, and (2) the real perpetrators are allowed to wander the streets. New York: Kluwer Academic. Updated May 12, 2020 A coerced confession is an involuntary confession that comes from overbearing police conduct rather than a defendant’s free will.It is involuntary because the confession is not a product of the accused’s free choice.Police-induced coerced confessions can lead to suspects admitting to crimes they did not commit. police-induced false confessions and the likelihood of wrongful convictions based on these confessions. DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-38598-3 E-mail Citation » Which about 50 six studies alone have documented approximately 250 interrogation-induced false.. In this article, empirical research on the causes and correlates of false confessions the late 1980s six... False confession is an admission of guilt for a crime for which the confessor is not.... The face of contradictory evidence in the United States and focuses on true. Than other types of evidence, sometimes in the face of contradictory evidence false... 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