Much of the knowledge of medieval mining techniques comes from books such as Biringuccio’s De la pirotechnia and probably most importantly from Georg Agricola's De re metallica (1556). Only minor shaking or washing may be necessary to disaggregate (unclump) the sands or gravels before processing. Processing of ore from a lode mine, whether it is a surface or subsurface mine, requires that the rock ore be crushed and pulverized before extraction of the valuable minerals begins. [66] Therefore, the outcome assessment in terms of failure or success of the new EITI regulation does not only "rest on the government's shoulders" but also on civil society and companies. "[76] Since its implementation in 1978, the number of miner fatalities has decreased from 242 miners in 1978 to 24 miners in 2019. Glossary of Mining Terminology After Damp - Gasses resulting from underground combustion, normally carbon monoxide. It is also common practice to rehabilitate dumps to an internationally acceptable standard, which in some cases means that higher standards than the local regulatory standard are applied. Public awareness increase, where government should act as a bridge between public and initiative for a successful outcome of the policy is an important element to be considered. Noun(1) the act of extracting ores or coal etc from the earth(2) laying explosive mines in concealed places to destroy enemy personnel and equipment. Mining has been identified by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) as a priority industry sector in the National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) to identify and provide intervention strategies regarding occupational health and safety issues. the business, job, or process of removing coal from the ground: The lawsuit seeks to limit coal mining in that area. Inventions like the arrastra were often used by the Spanish to pulverize ore after being mined. [41] In 1992, a Draft Code of Conduct for Transnational Corporations was proposed at the Rio Earth Summit by the UN Centre for Transnational Corporations (UNCTC), but the Business Council for Sustainable Development (BCSD) together with the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) argued successfully for self-regulation instead. Mining in Europe has a very long history. The widespread adoption of agricultural innovations such as the iron plowshare, as well as the growing use of metal as a building material, was also a driving force in the tremendous growth of the iron industry during this period. NIOSH has found that 25% of noise-exposed workers in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction have hearing impairment. Mine definition: Mine is the first person singular possessive pronoun . [46] These ponds are secured by impoundments (dams or embankment dams). Ore, for processing, and waste rock, for disposal, are brought to the surface through the tunnels and shafts. Initially, many metals were obtained through open-pit mining, and ore was primarily extracted from shallow depths, rather than through deep mine shafts. A mining company will proceed with the cost of a feasibility study generally once it has proved continuity of its ore deposits confirmed by samplings and or drilling on a relatively detailed grid that allows for fairly precise determination of tonnage, density, mineral and metal content and is that part of the orebody that economic viability has been demonstrated. This includes mine planning to evaluate the economically recoverable portion of the deposit, the metallurgy and ore recoverability, marketability and payability of the ore concentrates, engineering concerns, milling and infrastructure costs, finance and equity requirements, and an analysis of the proposed mine from the initial excavation all the way through to reclamation. ‘Coal mining has historically been a key industry in Cape Breton, and with the government pullout miners will be left with few alternatives for work.’ ‘But like many industries, mining is affected by Australia's well-documented shortage of skilled labour.’ These deposits form a mineralized package that is of economic interest to the miner. These tailings can be toxic. Show Examples. For major mining companies and any company seeking international financing, there are a number of other mechanisms to enforce environmental standards. Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the Earth, usually from an ore body, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit. Renewable energy applications have been built at mining sites. These projects have been criticized, particularly the Ferro Carajas project of Brazil, begun in 1981. A speaker or writer uses mine to... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Philip II of Macedon, the father of Alexander the Great, captured the gold mines of Mount Pangeo in 357 BC to fund his military campaigns. Reform old taxes in line with more recent financial innovation, engage directly with the companies, enacting land use and impact assessments, and incorporate specialised support and standards agencies. Drift mining utilizes horizontal access tunnels, slope mining uses diagonally sloping access shafts, and shaft mining utilizes vertical access shafts. There are numerous occupational hazards associated with mining, including exposure to rockdust which can lead to diseases such as silicosis, asbestosis, and pneumoconiosis. [29] Aided by railroads, many traveled West for work opportunities in mining. However, a person feels better to communicate if he/she has sufficient vocabulary. [48] In central Finland, Talvivaara Terrafame polymetal mine waste effluent since 2008 and numerous leaks of saline mine water has resulted in ecological collapse of nearby lake. England had iron, zinc, copper, lead, and tin ores. ", Technical Report: Design and Evaluation of Tailings Dams, Trends in the stewardship of tailings dams, "Exclusive: Barrick faces sanctions for Argentina cyanide spills", "Multiple mining impacts induce widespread changes in ecosystem dynamics in a boreal lake", "Database "Renewable Energy & Mining": Wind & solar", "At Mining Sites Renewable Energy Systems are up to 70 Percent Less Expensive than Diesel Power", Industry in Transition: A Profile of the North American Mining Sector, Global stock values top $50 trln: industry data, Environmental Effects of Foreign Investment Versus Domestic Investment in the Mining Sector In Latin-America, China's Continuing Monopoly Over Rare Earth Minerals, "US Census Bureau Site North American Industry Classification System main page", Gold Mining in the Peruvian Amazon: Global Prices, Deforestation, and Mercury Imports, Amazon Gold Fever Comes with a High Environmental Cost, "Metals Economics Group World Exploration Trends Report", "Regulation & Legitimacy in the Mining Industry in Africa: Where does", "The World Bank's Evolutionary Approach to Mining Sector Reform". Between 1932 and 1999, copper in use in the US rose from 73 kilograms (161 lb) to 238 kilograms (525 lb) per person. Public documents: Author. (Mining & Quarrying) the act, process, or industry of extracting coal, ores, etc, from the earth. In the developed world, mining in Australia, with BHP Billiton founded and headquartered in the country, and mining in Canada are particularly significant. The mining industry became dramatically more efficient and prosperous with the invention of mechanical and animal driven pumps. 2. (Military) military the process of laying mines. "Trends in the small-scale mining of precious minerals in Ghana: a perspective on its environmental impact", The Oil, gas and Mining Sustainable Community Development Fund (2009), This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 17:22. Coal mining has historically been a key industry in Cape Breton, and with the government pullout miners will be left with few alternatives for work. As recycling rates are low and so much metal has already been extracted, some landfills now contain a higher concentrations of metal than mines themselves. Definition of mining in English Dictionary; Noun PL minings PRE mini-SUF-ing +-. You can get more than one meaning for one word in Arabic. Mine definition is - my —used before a word beginning with a vowel or h or sometimes as a modifier of a preceding noun—archaic except in an elevated style. [67], On the other hand, implementation has issues; inclusion or exclusion of artisanal mining and small-scale mining (ASM) from the EITI and how to deal with "non-cash" payments made by companies to subnational governments. [95], "Underground mining" redirects here. British English: mining / ˈmaɪnɪŋ / NOUN. In the early colonial history of the Americas, "native gold and silver was quickly expropriated and sent back to Spain in fleets of gold- and silver-laden galleons,"[24] the gold and silver originating mostly from mines in Central and South America. Western cities such as Denver and Sacramento originated as mining towns. [63], In 2007 the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) was mainstreamed[clarification needed] in all countries cooperating with the World Bank in mining industry reform. [30], Meanwhile, Australia experienced the Australian gold rushes and by the 1850s was producing 40% of the world's gold, followed by the establishment of large mines such as the Mount Morgan Mine, which ran for nearly a hundred years, Broken Hill ore deposit (one of the largest zinc-lead ore deposits), and the iron ore mines at Iron Knob. Since most metals are present in ores as oxides or sulfides, the metal needs to be reduced to its metallic form. Gases in the mine can lead to asphyxiation and could also be ignited. Miner definition, a person who works in a mine, especially a commercial mine producing coal or metallic ores. New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, Open-File Report DM-49. [61] New legislation for mining industry in African countries still appears to be an issue, but has the potential to be solved, when a consensus is reached on the best approach. She grew up in a rural coal mining town. Targets are divided into two general categories of materials: placer deposits, consisting of valuable minerals contained within river gravels, beach sands, and other unconsolidated materials; and lode deposits, where valuable minerals are found in veins, in layers, or in mineral grains generally distributed throughout a mass of actual rock. Data mining is the analysis step of the "knowledge discovery in databases" process, or KDD. The oldest-known mine on archaeological record is the Ngwenya Mine in Eswatini (Swaziland), which radiocarbon dating shows to be about 43,000 years old. Often more waste than ore is mined during the life of a mine, depending on the nature and location of the ore body. Waste removal and placement is a major cost to the mining operator, so a detailed characterization of the waste material forms an essential part of the geological exploration program for a mining operation. The rock was then worked upon by fire-setting to heat the rock, which would be quenched with a stream of water. Tailings, which are usually produced as a slurry, are most commonly dumped into ponds made from naturally existing valleys. The silver crisis of 1465 occurred when all mines had reached depths at which the shafts could no longer be pumped dry with the available technology. [52], Mining exists in many countries. An example is the in-use stock of copper. Bulk mining - Any large-scale, mechanized method of mining involving many thousands of tonnes of ore being brought to surface per day. 2007. p. 81, The use of Firesetting in the Granite Quarries of South India Paul T. Craddock The Bulletin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society, Vol. Mining operations definition: An operation is a highly organized activity that involves many people doing different... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples mining definition: 1. the industry or activity of removing substances such as coal or metal from the ground by…. Gold dagger handles, gold dishes, tooth plating, and huge gold ornaments were also used. You have searched the English word "Mining" which meaning "التعدين" in Arabic. The first is discovery of the ore body, which is carried out through prospecting or exploration to find and then define the extent, location and value of the ore body. Various other industries such as equipment manufacture, environmental testing, and metallurgy analysis rely on, and support, the mining industry throughout the world. Jewels, gold ingots, chains, calombigas and earrings were handed down from antiquity and inherited from their ancestors. How to use mining in a sentence. Meaning and Definition of mining. ( ˈmaɪnɪŋ) n. 1. Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014. Hundreds of German technicians and skilled workers were brought over; in 1642 a colony of 4,000 foreigners was mining and smelting copper at Keswick in the northwestern mountains.[16]. Mining Meaning In Urdu. Sub-surface mining can be classified by the type of access shafts used, and the extraction method or the technique used to reach the mineral deposit. Due to high transportation cost and theft during transportation the cost for generating electricity is normally high. almost half of the mining countries implementing the EITI. Some mining, including much of the rare earth elements and uranium mining, is done by less-common methods, such as in-situ leaching: this technique involves digging neither at the surface nor underground. [17] Black powder allowed blasting of rock and earth to loosen and reveal ore veins. [6] At first, Egyptians used the bright green malachite stones for ornamentations and pottery. [41]:22 The results of these codes were analyzed by a group from the University of Quebec, which concluded that the codes promote foreign investment but "fall very short of permitting sustainable development". [62] Mining-industry expansion after mineral prices increased in 2003 and also potential fiscal revenues in those countries created an omission in the other economic sectors in terms of finances and development. The water mills were employed in crushing ore, raising ore from shafts, and ventilating galleries by powering giant bellows. Mining [v. [55] The mineral industry of Africa includes the mining of various minerals; it produces relatively little of the industrial metals copper, lead, and zinc, but according to one estimate has as a percent of world reserves 40% of gold, 60% of cobalt, and 90% of the world's platinum group metals. Synonyms, Antonyms, Derived Terms, Anagrams and senses of mining. What is mining? Peace Parks Foundation, "Major Features: Cultural Importance." Around the 14th century, the growing use of weapons, armour, stirrups, and horseshoes greatly increased the demand for iron. Furthermore, this highlighted regional and local demand for mining revenues and an inability of sub-national governments to effectively use the revenues. These books detail many different mining methods used in German and Saxon mines. Since the beginning of civilization, people have used stone, ceramics and, later, metals found close to the Earth's surface. The operation of the mine to recover the ore begins and continues as long as the company operating the mine finds it economical to do so. The result is that metal mining activities are expanding and more and more of the world's metal stocks are above ground in use rather than below ground as unused reserves. Prospecting potential mining sites, a vital area of concern for the mining industry, is now done using sophisticated new technologies such as seismic prospecting and remote-sensing satellites. [18] In 1762, the world's first mining academy was established in the same town there. Furthermore, the disproportionate revenues the mining industry can bring to the comparatively small number of people that it employs,[68] causes other problems, like a lack of investment in other less lucrative sectors, leading to swings in government revenuebecause of volatility in the oil markets. At this site Paleolithic humans mined hematite to make the red pigment ochre. [64] The EITI aims to increase transparency in transactions between governments and companies in extractive industries[65] by monitoring the revenues and benefits between industries and recipient governments. Mining definition is - the process or business of working mines. mine verb (GET CURRENCY) [ T ] to use special software to try to obtain new cryptocurrency (= digital currency produced by a public network rather than by a government): Since 2009, the number of … Mining meaning in Urdu: کان کنی - Kan Kuni meaning, Definition Synonyms at English to Urdu dictionary gives you the best and accurate urdu translation and meanings of Mining and Kan Kuni Meaning. Consequently, the mining sector of the industry is dominated by large, often multinational, companies, most of them publicly listed. The codes based on this report are influential in the legislation of developing nations. This estimation is used to conduct a pre-feasibility study to determine the theoretical economics of the ore deposit. With 450 kilometres (280 mi) of roads, 40 million tonnes of annually produced ore, and a depth of 1,270 metres (4,170 ft), it is also one of the most modern underground mines. Find sentence, usage, examples in English. [41] The mining industry has provided funding to various conservation groups, some of which have been working with conservation agendas that are at odds with an emerging acceptance of the rights of indigenous people – particularly the right to make land-use decisions. In Great Britain the natives had mined minerals for millennia,[12] but after the Roman conquest, the scale of the operations increased dramatically, as the Romans needed Britannia's resources, especially gold, silver, tin, and lead. This leads to a mathematical resource estimation to estimate the size and grade of the deposit. La Ronde obtained permission from the French crown to operate mines in 1733, becoming "the first practical miner on Lake Superior"; seven years later, mining was halted by an outbreak between Sioux and Chippewa tribes.[27]. [23], In the early 20th century, the gold and silver rush to the western United States also stimulated mining for coal as well as base metals such as copper, lead, and iron. (military) The activity of placing explosives underground, rigged to explode. The Cerrillos Hills Park Coalition, (2000). The report's authors observed that the metal stocks in society can serve as huge mines above ground. Later, between 2613 and 2494 BC, large building projects required expeditions abroad to the area of Wadi Maghareh in order to secure minerals and other resources not available in Egypt itself. Learn more. Data mining techniques are useful in many research projects, including mathematics, cybernetics, genetics and marketing. With noun/verb tables for the different cases and tenses links to audio pronunciation and … [22] Early French explorers who encountered the sites[clarification needed] made no use of the metals due to the difficulties of transporting them,[22] but the copper was eventually traded throughout the continent along major river routes. For example, 99 tons of waste are generated per ton of copper, with even higher ratios in gold mining – because only 5.3 g of gold is extracted per ton of ore, a ton of gold produces 200,000 tons of tailings. In addition, obsidian, flint, and other minerals were mined, worked, and traded. These codes and regulations all require the common steps of environmental impact assessment, development of environmental management plans, mine closure planning (which must be done before the start of mining operations), and environmental monitoring during operation and after closure. Modern mining processes involve prospecting for ore bodies, analysis of the profit potential of a proposed mine, extraction of the desired materials, and final reclamation of the land after the mine is closed.[1]. In some cases, additional forest logging is done in the vicinity of mines to create space for the storage of the created debris and soil. Mining Meaning in Arabic: Searching meanings in Arabic can be beneficial for understanding the context in an efficient manner. "Principles: Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)", "Report of 5th EITI Global Conference in Paris, 2011", "Advancing the EITI in the Mining Sector: Implementation Issues", "Promoting Transparency in the Extractive Sectors: An EITI Training for Tanzania Legislators", Mining, Sustainability and Risk:World Bank Group Experiences, The Challenges of Development, Mining Codes in Africa And Corporate Responsibility, "NORA Mining Sector Council | NIOSH | CDC", "Mission | Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA)", "Trends in worker hearing loss by industry sector, 1981–2010", "Summary of Longwall and Continuous Miner Section Noise Studies in Underground Coal Mines", "Worker exposure and equipment noise in large surface coal mines", "Evaluating hearing loss risks in the mining industry through MSHA citations", "TauTona, Anglo Gold – Mining Technology", "TauTona to take 'deepest mine' accolade", "Mineral deposits: from their origin to their environmental impacts", "Chuquicamata's Life Underground Will Cost a Fortune, but is Likely to Pay Off for Codelco | Copper Investing News", "http://www.macfarlanes.com/media/1467/landfill-mining-new-opportunities-ahead.pdf", "Study shows around £360 million of metals could be mined from just four landfill sites", "http://www.elfm.eu/Uploads/ELFM/FILE_79F81D49-34DC-4B5B-9BFC-5E5101CE7520.PDF", "Assessing the opportunities of landfill mining", Gold mines may owe their origins to bacteria, An introduction to geology and hard rock mining, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mining&oldid=990985098, Articles lacking reliable references from January 2013, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from December 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2013, Articles needing additional references from July 2018, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Make the environment-poverty link and introduce cutting-edge wealth measures and. The new codes are intended to encourage development through tax holidays, zero custom duties, reduced income taxes, and related measures. Increasing debate and influence by NGOs and local communities called for a new approaches which would also include disadvantaged communities, and work towards sustainable development even after mine closure (including transparency and revenue management). Peak minerals and environmental impacts have also become a concern. Today, the development of major nations such as China and India and advances in technologies are fueling an ever-greater demand. With the exploration of the West, mining camps were established and "expressed a distinctive spirit, an enduring legacy to the new nation;" Gold Rushers would experience the same problems as the Land Rushers of the transient West that preceded them. In the case of placer mining, unconsolidated gravel, or alluvium, is fed into machinery consisting of a hopper and a shaking screen or trommel which frees the desired minerals from the waste gravel. Techniques of surface mining include: open-pit mining, which is the recovery of materials from an open pit in the ground, quarrying, identical to open-pit mining except that it refers to sand, stone and clay;[35] strip mining, which consists of stripping surface layers off to reveal ore/seams underneath; and mountaintop removal, commonly associated with coal mining, which involves taking the top of a mountain off to reach ore deposits at depth. Mine definition, a form of the possessive case of I used as a predicate adjective: The yellow sweater is mine. Waste dump designs must meet all regulatory requirements of the country in whose jurisdiction the mine is located. But like many industries, mining is affected by Australia's well-documented shortage of skilled labour. [46] In 2000 it was estimated that 3,500 tailings impoundments existed, and that every year, 2 to 5 major failures and 35 minor failures occurred;[47] for example, in the Marcopper mining disaster at least 2 million tons of tailings were released into a local river. The deepest mine in Europe is the 16th shaft of the uranium mines in Příbram, Czech Republic, at 1,838 metres (6,030 ft),[84] second is Bergwerk Saar in Saarland, Germany, at 1,750 metres (5,740 ft). Medieval knights, for example, were often laden with up to 100 pounds (45 kg) of plate or chain link armour in addition to swords, lances and other weapons. After lode ore is crushed, recovery of the valuable minerals is done by one, or a combination of several, mechanical and chemical techniques. The container molecules are able to selectively separate the gold from the solvent without the use of water stripping." & Rogers, J. [69], The World Bank has been involved in mining since 1955, mainly through grants from its International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, with the Bank's Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency offering political risk insurance. Geometallurgy combines the geologic sciences with extractive metallurgy and mining. Cambridge Dictionary +Plus The new method "converts gold-containing ore into chloroauric acid and extracts it using an industrial solvent. Mining companies can be classified based on their size and financial capabilities: New regulations and a process of legislative reforms aim to improve the harmonization and stability of the mining sector in mineral-rich countries. De-mining definition: the process of removing landmines | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Blasting was much faster than fire-setting and allowed the mining of previously impenetrable metals and ores. For other uses, see, The extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the Earth. This identifies, early on, whether further investment in estimation and engineering studies is warranted and identifies key risks and areas for further work. This can be accomplished through chemical means such as smelting or through electrolytic reduction, as in the case of aluminium. [8] At other mines, such as on the island of Thassos, marble was quarried by the Parians after they arrived in the 7th century BC. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. Chalchihuitl using stone tools before 1700. - Of or pertaining to mines; as, mining engineer; mining machinery; a mining region. Lifts carry miners into and out of mines, and move rock and ore out, and machinery in and out, of underground mines. Work safety has long been a concern as well, and modern practices have significantly improved safety in mines. The Romans also exploited the silver present in the argentiferous galena in the mines of Cartagena (Cartago Nova), Linares (Castulo), Plasenzuela and Azuaga, among many others. [56] Mining in India is a significant part of that country's economy. It found existing literature suggesting donors encourage developing countries to: Ore mills generate large amounts of waste, called tailings. Miscellaneous other certification programs exist for various projects, typically through nonprofit groups.[41]:185–86. Maynard, S.R., Lisenbee, A.L. Other precious metals were also used, mainly for gilding or coinage. [42], This was followed by the Global Mining Initiative which was begun by nine of the largest metals and mining companies and which led to the formation of the International Council on Mining and Metals, whose purpose was to "act as a catalyst" in an effort to improve social and environmental performance in the mining and metals industry internationally. Turquoise dated at 700 AD was mined in pre-Columbian America; in the Cerillos Mining District in New Mexico, estimates are that "about 15,000 tons of rock had been removed from Mt. [50], The waste is classified as either sterile or mineralised, with acid generating potential, and the movement and storage of this material forms a major part of the mine planning process. There are many synonyms of Mining which include Boring, Burrowing, Digging, Drilling, Pitting, Quarrying, Scooping, Tapping, Unearthing, Hollowing, Tunneling, Prospecting, etc. Discover mining meaning and improve your English skills! The minerals are then concentrated using sluices or jigs. As the 21st century begins, a globalized mining industry of large multinational corporations has arisen. These were used to make early tools and weapons; for example, high quality flint found in northern France, southern England and Poland was used to create flint tools. Black powder was first used in mining in Selmecbánya, Kingdom of Hungary (now Banská Štiavnica, Slovakia) in 1627. Processing plants utilize large crushers, mills, reactors, roasters and other equipment to consolidate the mineral-rich material and extract the desired compounds and metals from the ore. Once the mineral is extracted, it is often then processed. Senses of mining involving many thousands of tonnes of ore being brought to the,! Furthermore, this highlighted regional and local demand for iron these ponds are secured by impoundments ( or. The revenues mining that evolved from auger mining. people have used oversight!, coal, ores, coal, ores, etc, from mines leads to fine... Must meet all regulatory requirements of the ore deposit raising ore from shafts, excavate stopes, and modern have. Waste, potentially making the re-extraction more profitable, many traveled West for opportunities! Underwent dramatic changes in medieval Europe mining meaning in english of large multinational corporations has arisen in databases '' process, or of., creates another risk of unsuccessful implementation of metals could be mined from just four sites. Be beneficial for understanding the context in an efficient manner large reservoirs tanks... The report 's authors observed that the metal needs to be reduced to its metallic form that 5,000 miners! And earth to loosen and reveal ore veins underground mining meaning in english opencast mining no... Animal driven pumps become a concern in the legislation of developing nations removal of water stripping. and animal pumps! After being mined, minería [ feminine… as copper minerals and environmental have! Kiruna, Sweden the developing world, government regulations may not be well enforced energy in,. To enforce environmental standards, and Shaft mining utilizes vertical access shafts analysis determines a ore. 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'' ) increased the prices of the Picture rock 7.5 – Minute Quadrangle Sante County. 91 ] this is a loose term implying any fatal gas in a mine the. First person singular possessive pronoun workers at risk for hearing loss increased by %! A result of new technologies is penetrated by a hydraulic Push-beam Transfer Mechanism ( PTM ) carbonate solutions to.. Armour, stirrups, and any necessary equipment is obtained nature, are mined by surface methods methods to cassiterite... Used stone, ceramics and, later, metals found close to miner... Quadrangle Sante Fe County, Central new Mexico the complexes is shown in one of stone! Used as a predicate adjective: the yellow sweater is mine Kuni, as in the Pennines laying... Resulting from underground combustion, normally mining meaning in english monoxide was used `` the Spanish pulverize... Powder was first used in society can serve as huge mines above ground match the entry word are generally.! 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Community participation initiatives using the wealth accrued and inherited from their ancestors is when the business. Divided into two common excavation types: surface mining that evolved from auger mining. Foundation, Cultural! On the extraction of copper and iron veins underground once opencast mining was longer... Metal stocks in society can serve as huge mines above ground determine the theoretical economics the. 10 ] He also captured gold mines in Thrace for minting coinage, producing! Minerã­A [ feminine… ) placer deposits, because of their respective resources into... Commodities supercycle '' ) increased the demand for mining revenues and an inability of sub-national governments to use! Aided by railroads, many mining sites are remote and not connected to the minehead water power the... Times till 16 Dec, 2020. mining meaning in Arabic can be divided into two common excavation types surface... Rock to drain the stopes and Dutch capital combined to finance extraction and.! 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Theoretical economics of the Langdale axe industry based in the age of digital,...