Because adaptation effects are often profound at both the neural and perceptual levels, it has been widely used as a tool to probe the neuronal signals underlying perception. Neural adaptation or sensory adaptation is a gradual decrease over time in the responsiveness of the sensory system to a constant stimulus.It is usually experienced as a change in the stimulus. Their job is to process information and maintain the nerve cell by producing proteins. - The synapses are adapted to pass impulses to other nerve cells using special neurotransmitters. Etiology. The above example is a very general description. Cells of the nervous system, called nerve cells or neurons, are specialized to carry "messages" through an electrochemical process.The human brain has approximately 86 billion neurons. The dendrites allow for communication with other neurons. Nerve cells transmit electrical impulses around the body. The neuron is the nerve cell. Answer (1 of 3): They have very long axons which can take the message a very long way before passing it onto the next cell, this makes it quicker. Muscle Cell Function. Nerve Cell Adaptation. Cell bodies contain the nucleus and other cellular compartments. 2.10.3.8 Adaptation. All nerve cells have a body and two kinds of fibers extending away from the body. Neural adaptation is the change in neuronal responses due to preceding stimulation of the cell. Protruding from the cell body are one or more short extensions called dendrites and one long extension called the axon. The adaptations of a nerve cell are dendrites with receptor proteins, an axon, myelin, synaptic terminals and neurotransmitters. C.H. Axons are long, threadlike structures covered with a layer of fat. Types of Neurons (Nerve Cells) The human body is made up of trillions of cells. PLAY. For example, if a hand is rested on a table, the table's surface is immediately felt against the skin. The main portion of the neuron is the cell body. Cell Injury , Cell Death, and Adaptations Ch1. STUDY. Nerve cells have very long axons being they can deliver messages for a longer time before passing it on to the next cell, which makes this process significantly faster. To allow them to do this they have multiple adaptations: - A long axon to carry information over long distances. Some kind of stimulus triggers an electric discharge of the cell which is analogous to the discharge of a capacitor.This produces an electrical pulse on the order of 50-70 millivolts called an action potential.The electrical impulse propagates down the fiber-like extension of the nerve cell (the axon). Their job is to carry information away from cell bodies. Myelin surrounding the axon of a neuron acts as an insulator. The BBC reveals that both types of fibers reach a maximum length of one meter. McCool, K.H. - Numerous dendrites to pass information to neighbouring nerve cells. 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